USS Batfish (SS310)

Amateur Radio Call Sign "WW2SUB"

USS Batfish Today

Today, the USS Batfish is dry docked at the War Memorial Park in Muskogee Oklahoma.

Pictures from in and around the USS Batfish
More Information Coming Soon

More information coming soon!

History of the USS Batfish

Precommisioning
During the planning stages, its was named Acoupa. But on September 24, 1942, prior to her keel laying on December 27, 1942, she was renamed Batfish after a “small, pediculate fish resembling the stingray, which sits on the bottom, supported by its fins, waiting for its prey which consists of almost everything coming within its reach.” Although the physical comparison was unflattering, the implication of the expected performance came through loud and clear. Batfish was constructed at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard in New Hampshire, launched May 5, 1943 under the sponsorship of Mrs. Nellie W. Fortier, and commissioned on August 21, 1943.
Launching of the Batfish at Portsmouth, NH, May 5, 1943
Commissioning of the USS Batfish

Upon commissioning on August 21, 1942, Lieutenant Commander Wayne R. Merrill, USN, assumed command of Batfish. The crew stood rigidly proud in salute as the United States flag was hoisted above the Batfish’s stern. Then Captain Merrill read his orders. Shakedown training began the next day.

Post-commissioning shakedown was held around Portsmouth, New Hampshire. During the month of training exercises included in the shakedown cruise, about 66% of the crew had to be qualified in submarines and also learn the war time procedure of submarines.  Diving, gunnery and seamanship drills were held daily.  In mid-September, Batfish sailed for Newport, Rhode Island for torpedo exercises and then on to New London, Connecticut, arriving on September 26, where gunnery drills took priority. While in New London,  Batfish had to

pass the rigid operational readiness inspection and prove to Commander Submarines Atlantic that the submarine was ready to go to war. On October 9, Batfish passed her exams and went back to New London for minor repairs and to take on fuel, provisions, and a full load of live ammunition. On October 14, Batfish was pronounced ready for battle and embarked towards Pearl Harbor via the Panama Canal.
En route, on October 31, a periscope of a German U-boat was sighted. Batfish avoided the submarine and in the process, fired one stern torpedo. The torpedo missed and the U- boat was never heard or sighted. On November 8, Batfish entered the Bay of Panama and began the journey westward across the Pacific to Pearl Harbor. On November 19, the rendezvous point off Oahu was reached and Batfish was met by her escort, YMS 286 which led Batfish into Pearl Harbor. At 1 p.m. on December 11, 1943, Batfish backed from the dock, departing on her first war patrol.

Crew Training off Long Island, August, 1943

Physical Properties
(Balao-class Submarines)

ClassBalao
Length (ft-in)311-9
Beam (ft-in)27-3
Draft (ft-in)15-3
Pressure Hull Thickness (lb/sq in)35-35.7
Surfaced Displacement (tons)1525
Submerged Displacement (tons)2415
Complement10/70-71
Surface plant 4 X 1350 BHP (brake horse power)
Submerged plant4 X 685 HP
Auxiliary plant1 X 300 Kw
Battery (cells)2 X 126 Sargo (Battery Type)
Capacity (amp-hr)2 X 9300 (war)
Surface speed (kt)20.25
Surface endurance (nm/kt)11000 / 10
Submerged speed (kt)8.75
Submerged endurance48 hr at 2 kt
Test Depth (ft)400
Tubes (bow)6 X 21 in
Tubes (aft)4 X 21 in
Torpedoes24

Weights (tons)

Hull697.06
Hull Fittings149.15
Machinery448.65
Engines (dry)52.43
Batteries192
Motors24.30
Armament41.05
Ammunition40.88
Equipment and Outfit54.19
Stores and Fresh Water37.99
Complement6.47
MBT Capacity615.72
Lead Ballast87
Standard Displacement1545.29
Fuel Oil175.94 / 300.91
Lubricating Oil19.33 / 22.63
Design Displacement1804.1

Machinery

Main EnginesNo. / Mfg.: 4 /
Fairbanks, Morse
 Type: Opposed Piston
 Cylinders: 9
 Model: 38D8 1/8
 BHP: 1535
Main GeneratorsNo. / Mfg: 4 /
Elliott
 KW: 1100
Auxiliary EngineNo. / Mfg.: 1 /
General Motors
 Type: ?
Auxiliary GeneratorsNo. / Mfg.: 1 / ?
 KW: 300
Main MotorsNo. / Mfg.: 4 /
Elliott
 HP: 1375
Reduction GearsMfg.: Westinghouse
 Ratio: ?
ArrangementE5

E=Engine, M=Motor,
G=Generator, R=Reduction Gear

Storage BatteriesNo.: 2 X 126
 Mfg.: Gould Storage
Battery Co.
 Model: OWTX49B
Propulsion ControlsWestinghouse
Total Shaft HPSurface: 5400
 Submerged: 2740
Sources:
– Alden, The Fleet Submarine in the U.S. Navy: A Design and Construction History
– Friedman, U.S. Submarines Through 1945: An Illustrated Design History